Europol zet 8 trends & bedreigingen op een rij

Op 28 september publiceerde Europol zijn Internet Organised Crime Threat Assessment (IOCTA). Dit rapport identificeert 8 trends op het gebied van cybercrime en geeft aanbevelingen hoe hiermee om te gaan. 

In algemene zin wordt gerapporteerd dat er (nog steeds) een stijgende lijn valt te zien in het volume, de omvang en kosten die gepaard gaan met cybercrime. Sommige lidstaten melden dat de hoeveelheid strafbare feiten gerelateerd aan cybercrime hoger is dan die van traditionele misdrijven. Een probleem in dat verband betreft slechte dan wel verouderde standaarden als het aankomt. Een aanzienlijk deel van cybercrime activiteiten betreft het recyclen van relatief oude technieken, waarvoor de beveiligingsoplossingen wel beschikbaar zijn, maar niet op grote schaal worden afgenomen.

De volgende trends worden in het rapport geïdentificeerd: 

Trend 1: Crime-as-a-Service
The digital underground is underpinned by a growing Crime-as-a-Service model that interconnects specialist providers of cybercrime tools and services with an increasing number of organised crime groups. Terrorist actors clearly have the potential to access this sector in the future.

Trend 2: Ransomware
Ransomware and banking Trojans remain the top malware threats, a trend unlikely to change for the foreseeable future.

Trend 3: The criminal use of data
Data remains a key commodity for cyber-criminals. It is procured for immediate financial gain in many cases but, increasingly, also acquired to commit more complex fraud, encrypted for ransom, or used directly for extortion.

Trend 4: Payment fraud
EMV (chip and PIN), geo-blocking and other industry measures continue to erode card-present fraud within the EU, but logical and malware attacks directly against ATMs continue to evolve and proliferate. Organised crime groups are starting to manipulate or compromise payments involving contactless (NFC) cards.

Trend 5: Online child sexual abuse
The use of end-to-end encrypted platforms for sharing media, coupled with the use of largely anonymous payment systems, has facilitated an escalation in the live streaming of child abuse

Trend 6: Abuse of the Darknet
The Darknet continues to enable criminals involved in a range of illicit activities, such as the exchange of child sexual exploitation material. The extent to which extremist groups currently use cyber techniques to conduct attacks are limited, but the availability of cybercrime tools and services, and illicit commodities such as firearms on the Darknet, provides opportunity for this to change.

Trend 7: Social engineering
An increase of phishing aimed at high value targets has been registered by enforcement private sector authorities. CEO fraud, a refined variant of spear phishing, has become a key threat.

Trend 8: Virtual currencies
Bitcoin remains the currency of choice for the payment for criminal products and services in the digital underground economy and the Darknet. Bitcoin has also become the standard payment solution for extortion payments.

 

Lees hier het volledige rapport:

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